An Executive Officer election is one in which voting members elect a single candidate to a position, such as President, Vice-President, Secrertary, Treasurer, etc.. Hence, they are known as "single-winner" elections.
Executive Officer elections are highly prevalent, and are most recognizable as the type of elections that are run federally, provincially, and municipally. Prime Ministers/ Presidents, Preiers/Governors, and Mayors are all elected via an Executive Officer election. There are a large variety of positions that could be apart of an Executive Officer election, not just the typical ones listed earlier. Different organizations may have specific or unique Executive positions.
Usually, there would be multiple candidates competing for this spot. If there is only one candidate running for the single spot, the Executive Officer election is also known as a Candidate Acclamation.
The Voting Vault offers several voting methods that are well-euipped for a single-winner election like an Executive Officer election. The most common method, and the method used typically for government elections in North America, is known as plurality.
Some popular alternatives to plurality for single-winner elections include:
Also known as ranked ballot, or instant runoff voting, preferential is a well-loved voting method. It is excellent for election administrators who are trying to get a good grasp as to how their voters truly feel about the available candidates. This is because ranking candidates based on preference paints a picture of how the voters feel about the candidates in comparison to the other candidates.
Although it isn't as common as preferential or plurality, the approval voting method is a possible option for an Executive Officer election. It combines some of the best parts about both plurality and preferential. Voting is simple, like plurality (i.e. you just click the candidates you like), but multiple candidates can be selected, kind of like preferential (where you are ranking multiple candidates). Even though multiple candidates can be selected, only the candidate who is selected most often is the winner, as it is a single-winner voting method.
The diverse nature of scored voting allows it to be used as a single-winner voting method. Candidates are scored, and the candidate with the highest average score at the end of the election is declared the winner. Scoring voting is a more obscure choice for an Executive Officer election.
Common features used when building a ballot for an Executive Officer election include: