Some organizations, such as unions, have contracts (i.e. Collective Bargaining Agreements) that are negotiated by a Bargaining Committee from the organization, and then have to be put forth to the membership of that organization to be approved. The process of putting the contract to the members to approve is known as ratification. Usually, the contract does not become valid unless a majority (50% + 1) of the members vote to approve the terms of the contract.
The Bargaining Committee negotiates agreements with the employers of the employees who are represented by the union. Agreements can outline things like terms of employment and the rights of employees and employers. It usually also defines processes for addressing and resolving disputes between the employees and the employer. The ratification may be for a new contract, or it may be for amendments to a currently-operating contract.
Although the steps to get to the ratification (and the aftermath that follows), may be complex, the ratification election itself is quite straightforward. The standard process for these elections is that members read the contract (and any associated documents), and then vote either “Yes” or “No” on whether they approve of the terms outlined in the contract. If the majority votes in favour of the contract, the contract is ratified.
In The Voting Vault, we have a voting method called the plurality voting method. It is ideal for any election where you are asking your voters to vote “Yes” or “No”, as you can list those two options and only allow voters to choose one of those two, and should be used in the case of a contract ratification election.
Common features used when building a ballot for a Contract Ratification include: